The objective of golf

The objective of the game is to get your ball from the starting point, or tee, to the green and into the hole. The hole is marked by a flag. The idea being you have to get your ball into the hole in as few shots as possible. 

Hole is not only the physical hole but also refers to the entire area from the tee to the green, where the physical hole is located. 


What do you need to play golf?

Golf Balls

Golf Clubs

Wooden / plastic tees

Ball marker

Pitch repairer

Golf Glove

Golf Bag

Which golf club to use for which shot?

  • DRIVER CLUB: Its goal is to hit the ball as far as possible towards the green 
  • HYBRID CLUB: Getting shots 150+ Yards Airborne
  • 2 to 9 IRON: Hitting towards the green usually from 120 to 190 Yards away. Use the lower numbered irons for longer shots and higher numbered irons for shorter shots
  • WEDGES: Hitting short high shots from near the green or from sand bunkers
  • PUTTER: rolling the ball into the hole after it’s on the green or, occasionally, from just off the green

Golf Rules

  • The ball must be hit using standard clubs from the start of each hole to the green and ultimately into the hole which is marked by the flag
  • Players strike the ball in turns with the furthest away from the hole going first. 
  • At the start of a new hole whoever took the least number of shots of the previous hole shall go first. 
  • The penalty for a lost ball is one shot and this includes balls struck into out of bounce or into water hazards. You have 3 minutes to search for your ball. You play again from your original position if it goes out of bounce and by the ball entry point if it goes out of bounce avoiding getting closer to the hole.
  • Players can use up to 14 clubs
  • Players cannot seek advice from anyone other than their partner or caddie 
  • The ball should be played as it is found. You must not move, break or bend anything fixed or growing 
  • On the putting green a player can mark, lift and clean his ball as long as it is replaced exactly where it was

Golf Scoring term

  • ACE: Means hole in one
  • PAR: Pre-determined number of strokes that a scratch golfer should be required to complete the hole
  • BIRDIE: One stroke under par on a hole
  • BOGEY: One stroke over par on a hole
  • DOUBLE BOGEY: two strokes over par on a hole
  • EAGLE: two strokes under par on a hole
  • ALBATROS or DOUBLE EAGLE: Three strokes under par on a hole


How to win in golf?

Most professional events use the stroke play system: 

Your score=total strokes on a hole

Every stroke counts until the ball is holed

Each hole’s total is written on your scorecard




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